Housing Locational Scoring Tool
In 2019 Charlotte City Council asked for a better way to make decisions around locations for affordable housing investment. Council wanted a way to understand how each investment in housing accomplished their goals of job accessibility, equity, diversity and preserving great neighborhoods. They requested a new approach that leveraged their affordable housing goals and relevant, timely data. The result of this request along with substantial community input is the housing locational scoring tool.
This GIS mapping application provides an easy to understand location score along with a wealth of data about each potential affordable housing investment site. The scores directly align with council priorities:
- Housing located close to amenities such has schools
- Housing in proximity to job centers
- Diverse, inclusive housing options in each community
- Housing preservation in rapidly changing neighborhoods
The locational scoring tool allows city leaders to make better decisions and allows developers to select sites that better align with city goals.
Site scoring allows for better understanding of the relationship of a site to the surrounding community. Because each community is unique, data about each site can be reviewed and considered in light of the most pressing needs in each community. For example, one community may be concerned about access to transit and another may be most concerned about neighborhood change. The scoring tool provides information that both communities find useful. The multiple scores also demonstrate
About the Scores
- Proximity – This measure looks at the amenities near the proposed site. The amenities reviewed include grocery stores, pharmacies, parks, schools, shopping centers and transit stops. Site with high proximity scores have many amenities near the proposed site.
- Access – Access is a measure of the number of jobs within commuting distance to a proposed site. The site is assessed for both a public transit and car commute and the resulting score is a combined measure of both.
- Change – Much of Charlotte's recent housing conversation has included the rapid change transforming many neighborhoods. Using median income, change in housing sales prices and permit volumes, this score indicates areas of increased real estate and construction activity. A high score in neighborhood change helps to identify the neighborhoods undergoing the most rapid price increases, property transfers and increased likelihood of resident displacement.
- Diversity – When looking for new affordable housing investment locations, creating new housing options for a community reflect the diverse and inclusive communities. This measure looks at two aspects of diversity. First, the score awards points for developments located in areas with lower poverty rates. High poverty rates often reflect existing housing for lower income households. Next this score compares the affordability of housing to be provided and the median income of the community. Points are awarded for providing housing options that increase the diversity of the available housing options.
How to use the scoring tool