Before an area can be annexed, the City must carefully measure and document the land characteristics of a candidate annexation area, and document how it meets the annexation standards.
Staff at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department are responsible for collection of data concerning land development and population growth which helps determine qualifying annexation areas in accordance with the four development standards listed above. The Planning Department staff determines which areas qualify for annexation in accordance with the State statutory requirements.
The City must also develop a service report indicating how it intends to serve the area with public services such that these services will be provided at substantially the same levels as those within the present corporate limits, and how the extension of these services are to be financed.
On the effective date of annexation, the City must begin to provide fire protection, garbage collection, and street maintenance services to the area, and must also provide extension of water mains and sewer lines into the annexation areas so that property owners may obtain water and sewer service within 3 ½ years of the annexation date.
The service reports developed for each annexation area detail the public service information and provide information on the characteristics of the area qualifying it for annexation. During the annexation process these reports are available for review at the Planning Department and in the City Clerk's Office, as well as on Planning’s website.
The State annexation statutes allow for property owners to petition for "voluntary annexations" under specific circumstances. For instance, the property must be contiguous to the current City limits, or it must be in closer proximity to Charlotte City boundaries than to other nearby incorporated municipalities.
More specifically, the property must also fall within Charlotte's Extraterritorial Jurisdiction and according to Charlotte's voluntary annexation policies, three other requirements must be met:
annexation of the property cannot create an unincorporated area entirely surrounded by areas incorporated within the City of Charlotte.
annexation cannot negatively affect City services or budgets, and
annexation cannot create a situation that makes it more difficult to undertake subsequent annexation in the area
Petitions for voluntary annexations are made through the City Clerk's office. Forms and instructions can be viewed at
City Clerk's website
A pre-application meeting between the property owner interested in voluntary annexation and City staff is generally recommended, in order for staff to fully explain the process and preliminarily assess whether the potential petition will adhere to applicable State statutes and City policies.