Cold Related Illness
Frostbite is a serious condition that’s caused by exposure to extremely cold temperatures.
- A white or grayish-yellow skin area
- Skin that feels unusually firm or waxy
If you detect symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care.
Hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature, is a dangerous condition that can occur when a person is exposed to extremely cold temperatures.
Hypothermia is caused by prolonged exposure to very cold temperatures. When exposed to cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it’s produced. Lengthy exposures will eventually use up your body’s stored energy, which leads to lower body temperature.
Warning signs include:
- Adults: shivering, exhaustion, confusion, fumbling hands, memory loss, slurred speech, and drowsiness.
- Infants: bright red, cold skin, very low energy.
If you notice any signs, take the person’s temperature. If it is below 95ᵒF, the situation is an emergency – get medical attention immediately.